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Lifestyle differences between older migrants and non-migrants in 14 European countries using propensity score matching method

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Objectives: We examine the differences in lifestyle between four groups of migrants—first generation of older migrants originating from one of the EU countries, Africa or the Middle East and second-generation older EU migrants—with non-migrants in their country of destination. Methods: We use wave 5 of the SHARE data. To control for differences in socio-demographic characteristics, cultural factors and duration of stay in country of destination between migrants and non-migrants, we use propensity matching score analysis. Results: Older migrants from Southern European countries are more likely to smoke than non-migrants in their country of origin. Older migrants originating from Africa and the Middle East are more likely to smoke than non-migrants in their country of destination. Some groups of second-generation older migrants are more likely to consume alcohol and to have lower levels of physical activity than non-migrants in their country of destination. Conclusions: Our results show that differences in lifestyle between migrants and non-migrants exist, but they are not solely related to their migrant status. Cultural and socio-demographic characteristics also play a role.

    Research areas

  • Country of destination, Country of origin, Cross-sectional study, European countries, Migration, Propensity score matching, adult, Africa, age, aged, cross-sectional study, cultural factor, developing country, drinking behavior, epidemiology, ethnology, Europe, female, human, lifestyle, male, middle aged, Middle East, migration, propensity score, smoking, socioeconomics, statistics and numerical data, Adult, Age Factors, Aged, Alcohol Drinking, Cross-Sectional Studies, Cultural Characteristics, Developing Countries, Female, Humans, Life Style, Male, Middle Aged, Propensity Score, Smoking, Socioeconomic Factors, Transients and Migrants
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-347
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018