National parliaments were long absent from the European integration process. Following the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, the economic and monetary crisis and the beginning of the Juncker presidency, an important intensification in national parliaments’ relationship to European institutions can be observed. This begs the question as to whether national parliaments have now become self-standing actors in European governance. The present analysis shows that relationships as they currently exist do not allow to qualify parliaments as ‘actors’, though they are undoubtedly more engaged in this domain than they were before.
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- National parliaments, European Union, Democracy