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Impact of bus electrification on carbon emissions: The case of Stockholm

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Impact of bus electrification on carbon emissions: The case of Stockholm. / Xylia, Maria; Leduc, Sylvain; Laurent, Achille-b.; Patrizio, Piera; Van Der Meer, Yvonne; Kraxner, Florian; Silveira, Semida.

In: Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 209, 01.02.2019, p. 74-87.

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Xylia, Maria ; Leduc, Sylvain ; Laurent, Achille-b. ; Patrizio, Piera ; Van Der Meer, Yvonne ; Kraxner, Florian ; Silveira, Semida. / Impact of bus electrification on carbon emissions: The case of Stockholm. In: Journal of Cleaner Production. 2019 ; Vol. 209. pp. 74-87

Bibtex

@article{4e17341adc5646ad885bfecd66980278,
title = "Impact of bus electrification on carbon emissions: The case of Stockholm",
abstract = "This paper focuses on the potential impact of various options for decarbonization of public bus transport in Stockholm, with particular attention to electrification. An optimization model is used to locate electric bus chargers and to estimate the associated carbon emissions, using a life cycle perspective and various implementation scenarios. Emissions associated with fuels and batteries of electric powertrains are considered to be the two main factors affecting carbon emissions. The results show that, although higher battery capacities could help electrify more routes of the city's bus network, this does not necessarily lead to a reduction of the total emissions. The results show the lowest life cycle emissions occurring when electric buses use batteries with a capacity of 120 kWh. The fuel choices significantly influence the environmental impact of a bus network. For example, the use of electricity is a better choice than first generation biofuels from a carbon emission perspective. However, the use of second-generation biofuels, such as Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO), can directly compete with the Nordic electricity mix. Among all fuel options, certified renewable electricity has the lowest impact. The analysis also shows that electrification could be beneficial for reduction of local pollutants in the Stockholm inner city; however, the local emissions of public transport are much lower than emissions from private transport.",
author = "Maria Xylia and Sylvain Leduc and Achille-b. Laurent and Piera Patrizio and {Van Der Meer}, Yvonne and Florian Kraxner and Semida Silveira",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.085",
language = "English",
volume = "209",
pages = "74--87",
journal = "Journal of Cleaner Production",
issn = "0959-6526",
publisher = "ELSEVIER SCI LTD",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of bus electrification on carbon emissions: The case of Stockholm

AU - Xylia,Maria

AU - Leduc,Sylvain

AU - Laurent,Achille-b.

AU - Patrizio,Piera

AU - Van Der Meer,Yvonne

AU - Kraxner,Florian

AU - Silveira,Semida

PY - 2019/2/1

Y1 - 2019/2/1

N2 - This paper focuses on the potential impact of various options for decarbonization of public bus transport in Stockholm, with particular attention to electrification. An optimization model is used to locate electric bus chargers and to estimate the associated carbon emissions, using a life cycle perspective and various implementation scenarios. Emissions associated with fuels and batteries of electric powertrains are considered to be the two main factors affecting carbon emissions. The results show that, although higher battery capacities could help electrify more routes of the city's bus network, this does not necessarily lead to a reduction of the total emissions. The results show the lowest life cycle emissions occurring when electric buses use batteries with a capacity of 120 kWh. The fuel choices significantly influence the environmental impact of a bus network. For example, the use of electricity is a better choice than first generation biofuels from a carbon emission perspective. However, the use of second-generation biofuels, such as Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO), can directly compete with the Nordic electricity mix. Among all fuel options, certified renewable electricity has the lowest impact. The analysis also shows that electrification could be beneficial for reduction of local pollutants in the Stockholm inner city; however, the local emissions of public transport are much lower than emissions from private transport.

AB - This paper focuses on the potential impact of various options for decarbonization of public bus transport in Stockholm, with particular attention to electrification. An optimization model is used to locate electric bus chargers and to estimate the associated carbon emissions, using a life cycle perspective and various implementation scenarios. Emissions associated with fuels and batteries of electric powertrains are considered to be the two main factors affecting carbon emissions. The results show that, although higher battery capacities could help electrify more routes of the city's bus network, this does not necessarily lead to a reduction of the total emissions. The results show the lowest life cycle emissions occurring when electric buses use batteries with a capacity of 120 kWh. The fuel choices significantly influence the environmental impact of a bus network. For example, the use of electricity is a better choice than first generation biofuels from a carbon emission perspective. However, the use of second-generation biofuels, such as Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO), can directly compete with the Nordic electricity mix. Among all fuel options, certified renewable electricity has the lowest impact. The analysis also shows that electrification could be beneficial for reduction of local pollutants in the Stockholm inner city; however, the local emissions of public transport are much lower than emissions from private transport.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.085

DO - 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.085

M3 - Article

VL - 209

SP - 74

EP - 87

JO - Journal of Cleaner Production

T2 - Journal of Cleaner Production

JF - Journal of Cleaner Production

SN - 0959-6526

ER -