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How patients perceive the relationship between trauma, substance abuse, craving and relapse: a qualitative study

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Abstract

In this qualitative study, patients with comorbid substance use disorder (SUD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were interviewed on their ideas about the link between SUD and PTSD. Although they clearly reported self-medication, they also gave a more complex description of how they believe their PTSD influences their SUD. The results suggest that SUD/PTSD patients believe they did not start using substances because of their experienced traumas or PTSD, but that PTSD symptoms are nonetheless important in the maintenance of their addictions. A clear link exists between craving, relapse, and PTSD symptoms. SUD/PTSD patients would prefer a "whole-person approach" when being treated for their PTSD. It is suggested that the integration of skills training and attention for patients who are fearful of PTSD treatment might improve SUD/PTSD treatment results.

    Research areas

  • Addiction, post-traumatic stress disorder, qualitative, POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER, TREATMENT PROGRAMS, PTSD, PERCEPTIONS, PREVALENCE, ADDICTION, SURVIVORS, SYMPTOM, ISSUES, INCEST

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-470
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Substance Use
Volume21
Issue number5
Early online date20 Jan 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016