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Functional connectivity pattern during rest within the episodic memory network in association with episodic memory performance in bipolar disorder

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Abstract

In this study, we sought to examine the intrinsic functional organization of the episodic memory network during rest in bipolar disorder (BD). The previous work suggests that deficits in intrinsic functional connectivity may account for impaired memory performance. We hypothesized that regions involved in episodic memory processing would reveal aberrant functional connectivity in patients with bipolar disorder. We examined 21 patients with BD and 21 healthy matched controls who underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during a resting condition. We did a seed-based functional connectivity analysis (SBA), using the regions of the episodic memory network that showed a significantly different activation pattern during task-related fMRI as seeds. The functional connectivity scores (FC) were further correlated with episodic memory task performance. Our results revealed decreased FC scores within frontal areas and between frontal and temporal/hippocampal/limbic regions in BD patients in comparison with controls. We observed higher FC in BD patients compared with controls between frontal and limbic regions. The decrease in fronto-frontal functional connectivity in BD patients showed a significant positive association with episodic memory performance. The association between task-independent dysfunctional frontal-limbic FC and episodic memory performance may be relevant for current pathophysiological models of the disease. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved

    Research areas

  • 1ST-DEGREE RELATIVES, ABNORMALITIES, ACTIVATION, Bipolar disorders, DEFICITS, EUTHYMIC PATIENTS, FMRI, Frontal-limbic network, MOOD DISORDERS, Resting state fMRI, SCHIZOPHRENIA, STATE NETWORKS, VENTRAL PREFRONTAL CORTEX
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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-150
Number of pages10
JournalPsychiatry Research-Neuroimaging
Volume231
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2015