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Evaluation of an elastic decellularized tendon‐derived scaffold for the vascular tissue engineering application

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Abstract

Due to the limited success rate of currently available vascular replacements, tissue engineering has received tremendous attention in recent years. A main challenge in the field of regenerative medicine is creating a mechanically functional tissue with a well-organized extracellular matrix, particularly of collagen and elastin. In this study, the native collagen scaffold derived from decellularized tendon sections, as a scaffold having the potential to be used for vascular tissue engineering applications, was studied. We showed that the elasticity of the scaffolds was improved when crosslinked with the bovine elastin. The effect of different concentrations of elastin on mechanical properties of the collagen scaffolds was evaluated of which 15% elastin concentration was selected for further analysis based on the results. Addition of 15% elastin to collagen scaffolds significantly decreased Young's modulus and the tensile stress at the maximum load and increased the tensile strain at the maximum load of the constructs as compared to those of the collagen scaffolds or control samples. Moreover, tubular elastin modified collagen scaffolds showed significantly higher burst pressure compared to the control samples. Smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells cultured on the elastin modified collagen scaffolds showed high viability (>80%) after 1, 3, and 7 days. Furthermore, the cells showed a high tendency to align with the collagen fibers within the scaffold and produced their own extracellular matrix over time. In conclusion, the results show that the decellularized tendon sections have a great potential to be used as scaffolds for vascular tissue engineering applications. (c) 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A: 107A: 1225-1234, 2019.

    Research areas

  • ARTERIES, BEHAVIOR, BIOCOMPATIBILITY, COLLAGEN, DIAMETER, GRAFTS, biomechanical properties, biomimetic scaffolds, collagen, elastin, vascular tissue regeneration
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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1225-1234
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A
Volume107
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019