INTRODUCTION: Enhanced recovery pathways have been widely accepted and implemented for different types of surgery. Their overall effect in abdominal gynecologic surgery is still underdetermined. A systematic review and metaanalysis were performed to provide an overview of current evidence and to examine their effect on postoperative outcomes in women undergoing open gynecologic surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Searches were conducted using EMBASE, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library up to June 27, 2014. Reference lists were screened to identify additional studies. Studies were included if at least four individual items of an enhanced recovery pathway were described. Outcomes included length of hospital stay, complication rates, readmissions, and mortality. Quantitative analysis was limited to comparative studies. Effect sizes were presented as relative risks or as mean differences (MD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: Thirty-one records, involving 16 observational studies, were included. Diversity in reported elements within studies was observed. Preoperative education, early oral intake, and early mobilization were included in all pathways. Five studies, with a high risk of bias, were eligible for quantitative analysis. Enhanced recovery pathways reduced primary (MD -1.57 days, 95%CI -2.94 to -0.20) and total (MD -3.05 days, 95%CI -4.87 to -1.23) length of hospital stay as compared to traditional perioperative care, without an increase in complication, mortality, and readmission rates. CONCLUSION: The available evidence based on a broad range of non-randomized studies at high risk of bias suggests that enhanced recovery pathways may reduce length of postoperative hospital stay in abdominal gynecologic surgery. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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- Enhanced recovery, enhanced recovery after surgery, gynecology, perioperative care, surgery, FAST-TRACK SURGERY, COLORECTAL SURGERY, POSTOPERATIVE RECOVERY, PERIOPERATIVE CARE, PANCREATIC SURGERY, HYSTERECTOMY, PROGRAMS, IMPACT, QUALITY, LENGTH