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Effect of dietary restraint and mood state on attentional processing of food cues

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Effect of dietary restraint and mood state on attentional processing of food cues. / Donofry, Shannon D.; van Zoest, Wieske; Moonen, Andrea; Sacchetti, Sofia; Nederkoorn, Chantal; Roefs, Anne.

In: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, Vol. 62, 03.2019, p. 117-124.

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Donofry, Shannon D. ; van Zoest, Wieske ; Moonen, Andrea ; Sacchetti, Sofia ; Nederkoorn, Chantal ; Roefs, Anne. / Effect of dietary restraint and mood state on attentional processing of food cues. In: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. 2019 ; Vol. 62. pp. 117-124.

Bibtex

@article{5d091e2a4cd04063ae39c3e6331ef55b,
title = "Effect of dietary restraint and mood state on attentional processing of food cues",
abstract = "BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Research linking dietary restraint to attentional bias toward food cues has been equivocal, suggesting that dietary restraint may only influence attentional processing of food in certain contexts. The present study examined whether negative mood strengthens the association between dietary restraint and attention bias for food.METHODS: Healthy female participants were randomized to either a neutral (n = 47) or negative mood (n = 49) induction. Participants then completed a visual search task featuring targets displayed adjacent to pictures of palatable food, musical instruments, or non-instrument filler objects. Attention bias for food was operationalized as shorter response latency when the target appeared adjacent to palatable food as compared to musical instruments. Attention bias was examined in a 2 (mood condition) × 2 (picture: food vs. instrument) × 2 (target location: match vs. mismatch) repeated measures ANCOVA, with dietary restraint as a continuous covariate and response latency as the dependent variable.RESULTS: Though there was no evidence of an interaction between mood condition and dietary restraint, mood had an influence on attention allocation. Contrary to study hypotheses, individuals in the neutral mood condition, but not those in the negative mood condition, responded in a manner indicative of bias toward food.LIMITATIONS: Additional research is necessary to validate the experimental task used in the present study to assess food-specific attentional bias.CONCLUSIONS: Neutral mood may be associated with enhanced processing of palatable food cues. Critically, results do not support the hypothesized link between negative mood and attention bias for food.",
keywords = "Attention bias, BIAS, DEPRESSION, DIETERS, Dietary restraint, EATING BEHAVIOR, EMOTIONAL EATERS, Food cues, INCREASES, METAANALYSIS, NEGATIVE AFFECT, Negative mood, VALIDITY, WEIGHT",
author = "Donofry, {Shannon D.} and {van Zoest}, Wieske and Andrea Moonen and Sofia Sacchetti and Chantal Nederkoorn and Anne Roefs",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.jbtep.2018.10.002",
language = "English",
volume = "62",
pages = "117--124",
journal = "Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry",
issn = "0005-7916",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of dietary restraint and mood state on attentional processing of food cues

AU - Donofry, Shannon D.

AU - van Zoest, Wieske

AU - Moonen, Andrea

AU - Sacchetti, Sofia

AU - Nederkoorn, Chantal

AU - Roefs, Anne

N1 - Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2019/3

Y1 - 2019/3

N2 - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Research linking dietary restraint to attentional bias toward food cues has been equivocal, suggesting that dietary restraint may only influence attentional processing of food in certain contexts. The present study examined whether negative mood strengthens the association between dietary restraint and attention bias for food.METHODS: Healthy female participants were randomized to either a neutral (n = 47) or negative mood (n = 49) induction. Participants then completed a visual search task featuring targets displayed adjacent to pictures of palatable food, musical instruments, or non-instrument filler objects. Attention bias for food was operationalized as shorter response latency when the target appeared adjacent to palatable food as compared to musical instruments. Attention bias was examined in a 2 (mood condition) × 2 (picture: food vs. instrument) × 2 (target location: match vs. mismatch) repeated measures ANCOVA, with dietary restraint as a continuous covariate and response latency as the dependent variable.RESULTS: Though there was no evidence of an interaction between mood condition and dietary restraint, mood had an influence on attention allocation. Contrary to study hypotheses, individuals in the neutral mood condition, but not those in the negative mood condition, responded in a manner indicative of bias toward food.LIMITATIONS: Additional research is necessary to validate the experimental task used in the present study to assess food-specific attentional bias.CONCLUSIONS: Neutral mood may be associated with enhanced processing of palatable food cues. Critically, results do not support the hypothesized link between negative mood and attention bias for food.

AB - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Research linking dietary restraint to attentional bias toward food cues has been equivocal, suggesting that dietary restraint may only influence attentional processing of food in certain contexts. The present study examined whether negative mood strengthens the association between dietary restraint and attention bias for food.METHODS: Healthy female participants were randomized to either a neutral (n = 47) or negative mood (n = 49) induction. Participants then completed a visual search task featuring targets displayed adjacent to pictures of palatable food, musical instruments, or non-instrument filler objects. Attention bias for food was operationalized as shorter response latency when the target appeared adjacent to palatable food as compared to musical instruments. Attention bias was examined in a 2 (mood condition) × 2 (picture: food vs. instrument) × 2 (target location: match vs. mismatch) repeated measures ANCOVA, with dietary restraint as a continuous covariate and response latency as the dependent variable.RESULTS: Though there was no evidence of an interaction between mood condition and dietary restraint, mood had an influence on attention allocation. Contrary to study hypotheses, individuals in the neutral mood condition, but not those in the negative mood condition, responded in a manner indicative of bias toward food.LIMITATIONS: Additional research is necessary to validate the experimental task used in the present study to assess food-specific attentional bias.CONCLUSIONS: Neutral mood may be associated with enhanced processing of palatable food cues. Critically, results do not support the hypothesized link between negative mood and attention bias for food.

KW - Attention bias

KW - BIAS

KW - DEPRESSION

KW - DIETERS

KW - Dietary restraint

KW - EATING BEHAVIOR

KW - EMOTIONAL EATERS

KW - Food cues

KW - INCREASES

KW - METAANALYSIS

KW - NEGATIVE AFFECT

KW - Negative mood

KW - VALIDITY

KW - WEIGHT

U2 - 10.1016/j.jbtep.2018.10.002

DO - 10.1016/j.jbtep.2018.10.002

M3 - Article

VL - 62

SP - 117

EP - 124

JO - Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

T2 - Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

JF - Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

SN - 0005-7916

ER -