Research output

Chronic pain as a symptom or a disease: the IASP Classification of Chronic Pain for the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Standard

Chronic pain as a symptom or a disease : the IASP Classification of Chronic Pain for the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). / Treede, Rolf-Detlef; Rief, Winfried; Barke, Antonia; Aziz, Qasim; Bennett, Michael I; Benoliel, Rafael; Cohen, Milton; Evers, Stefan; Finnerup, Nanna B; First, Michael B; Giamberardino, Maria Adele; Kaasa, Stein; Korwisi, Beatrice; Kosek, Eva; Lavandʼhomme, Patricia; Nicholas, Michael; Perrot, Serge; Scholz, Joachim; Schug, Stephan; Smith, Blair H; Svensson, Peter; Vlaeyen, Johan W S; Wang, Shuu-Jiun.

In: Pain, Vol. 160, No. 1, 01.2019, p. 19-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Harvard

Treede, R-D, Rief, W, Barke, A, Aziz, Q, Bennett, MI, Benoliel, R, Cohen, M, Evers, S, Finnerup, NB, First, MB, Giamberardino, MA, Kaasa, S, Korwisi, B, Kosek, E, Lavandʼhomme, P, Nicholas, M, Perrot, S, Scholz, J, Schug, S, Smith, BH, Svensson, P, Vlaeyen, JWS & Wang, S-J 2019, 'Chronic pain as a symptom or a disease: the IASP Classification of Chronic Pain for the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11)', Pain, vol. 160, no. 1, pp. 19-27. https://doi.org/10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001384

APA

Vancouver

Author

Treede, Rolf-Detlef ; Rief, Winfried ; Barke, Antonia ; Aziz, Qasim ; Bennett, Michael I ; Benoliel, Rafael ; Cohen, Milton ; Evers, Stefan ; Finnerup, Nanna B ; First, Michael B ; Giamberardino, Maria Adele ; Kaasa, Stein ; Korwisi, Beatrice ; Kosek, Eva ; Lavandʼhomme, Patricia ; Nicholas, Michael ; Perrot, Serge ; Scholz, Joachim ; Schug, Stephan ; Smith, Blair H ; Svensson, Peter ; Vlaeyen, Johan W S ; Wang, Shuu-Jiun. / Chronic pain as a symptom or a disease : the IASP Classification of Chronic Pain for the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). In: Pain. 2019 ; Vol. 160, No. 1. pp. 19-27.

Bibtex

@article{3d80a61466804c04870d46316db2deb9,
title = "Chronic pain as a symptom or a disease: the IASP Classification of Chronic Pain for the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11)",
abstract = "Chronic pain is a major source of suffering. It interferes with daily functioning and often is accompanied by distress. Yet, in the International Classification of Diseases, chronic pain diagnoses are not represented systematically. The lack of appropriate codes renders accurate epidemiological investigations difficult and impedes health policy decisions regarding chronic pain such as adequate financing of access to multimodal pain management. In cooperation with the WHO, an IASP Working Group has developed a classification system that is applicable in a wide range of contexts, including pain medicine, primary care, and low-resource environments. Chronic pain is defined as pain that persists or recurs for more than 3 months. In chronic pain syndromes, pain can be the sole or a leading complaint and requires special treatment and care. In conditions such as fibromyalgia or nonspecific low-back pain, chronic pain may be conceived as a disease in its own right; in our proposal, we call this subgroup {"}chronic primary pain.{"} In 6 other subgroups, pain is secondary to an underlying disease: chronic cancer-related pain, chronic neuropathic pain, chronic secondary visceral pain, chronic posttraumatic and postsurgical pain, chronic secondary headache and orofacial pain, and chronic secondary musculoskeletal pain. These conditions are summarized as {"}chronic secondary pain{"} where pain may at least initially be conceived as a symptom. Implementation of these codes in the upcoming 11th edition of International Classification of Diseases will lead to improved classification and diagnostic coding, thereby advancing the recognition of chronic pain as a health condition in its own right.",
keywords = "CHRONIC MUSCULOSKELETAL PAIN, Chronic pain, Chronic primary pain, Chronic secondary pain, Classification, Coding, DAILY-LIFE, DIAGNOSES, Diagnoses, Disease, FEAR, Functioning, GRADING SYSTEM, ICD-11, IMPACT, MODEL, NEUROPATHIC PAIN, POSTSURGICAL PAIN, PREVALENCE, Symptom",
author = "Rolf-Detlef Treede and Winfried Rief and Antonia Barke and Qasim Aziz and Bennett, {Michael I} and Rafael Benoliel and Milton Cohen and Stefan Evers and Finnerup, {Nanna B} and First, {Michael B} and Giamberardino, {Maria Adele} and Stein Kaasa and Beatrice Korwisi and Eva Kosek and Patricia Lavandʼhomme and Michael Nicholas and Serge Perrot and Joachim Scholz and Stephan Schug and Smith, {Blair H} and Peter Svensson and Vlaeyen, {Johan W S} and Shuu-Jiun Wang",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001384",
language = "English",
volume = "160",
pages = "19--27",
journal = "Pain",
issn = "0304-3959",
publisher = "LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chronic pain as a symptom or a disease

T2 - Pain

AU - Treede, Rolf-Detlef

AU - Rief, Winfried

AU - Barke, Antonia

AU - Aziz, Qasim

AU - Bennett, Michael I

AU - Benoliel, Rafael

AU - Cohen, Milton

AU - Evers, Stefan

AU - Finnerup, Nanna B

AU - First, Michael B

AU - Giamberardino, Maria Adele

AU - Kaasa, Stein

AU - Korwisi, Beatrice

AU - Kosek, Eva

AU - Lavandʼhomme, Patricia

AU - Nicholas, Michael

AU - Perrot, Serge

AU - Scholz, Joachim

AU - Schug, Stephan

AU - Smith, Blair H

AU - Svensson, Peter

AU - Vlaeyen, Johan W S

AU - Wang, Shuu-Jiun

PY - 2019/1

Y1 - 2019/1

N2 - Chronic pain is a major source of suffering. It interferes with daily functioning and often is accompanied by distress. Yet, in the International Classification of Diseases, chronic pain diagnoses are not represented systematically. The lack of appropriate codes renders accurate epidemiological investigations difficult and impedes health policy decisions regarding chronic pain such as adequate financing of access to multimodal pain management. In cooperation with the WHO, an IASP Working Group has developed a classification system that is applicable in a wide range of contexts, including pain medicine, primary care, and low-resource environments. Chronic pain is defined as pain that persists or recurs for more than 3 months. In chronic pain syndromes, pain can be the sole or a leading complaint and requires special treatment and care. In conditions such as fibromyalgia or nonspecific low-back pain, chronic pain may be conceived as a disease in its own right; in our proposal, we call this subgroup "chronic primary pain." In 6 other subgroups, pain is secondary to an underlying disease: chronic cancer-related pain, chronic neuropathic pain, chronic secondary visceral pain, chronic posttraumatic and postsurgical pain, chronic secondary headache and orofacial pain, and chronic secondary musculoskeletal pain. These conditions are summarized as "chronic secondary pain" where pain may at least initially be conceived as a symptom. Implementation of these codes in the upcoming 11th edition of International Classification of Diseases will lead to improved classification and diagnostic coding, thereby advancing the recognition of chronic pain as a health condition in its own right.

AB - Chronic pain is a major source of suffering. It interferes with daily functioning and often is accompanied by distress. Yet, in the International Classification of Diseases, chronic pain diagnoses are not represented systematically. The lack of appropriate codes renders accurate epidemiological investigations difficult and impedes health policy decisions regarding chronic pain such as adequate financing of access to multimodal pain management. In cooperation with the WHO, an IASP Working Group has developed a classification system that is applicable in a wide range of contexts, including pain medicine, primary care, and low-resource environments. Chronic pain is defined as pain that persists or recurs for more than 3 months. In chronic pain syndromes, pain can be the sole or a leading complaint and requires special treatment and care. In conditions such as fibromyalgia or nonspecific low-back pain, chronic pain may be conceived as a disease in its own right; in our proposal, we call this subgroup "chronic primary pain." In 6 other subgroups, pain is secondary to an underlying disease: chronic cancer-related pain, chronic neuropathic pain, chronic secondary visceral pain, chronic posttraumatic and postsurgical pain, chronic secondary headache and orofacial pain, and chronic secondary musculoskeletal pain. These conditions are summarized as "chronic secondary pain" where pain may at least initially be conceived as a symptom. Implementation of these codes in the upcoming 11th edition of International Classification of Diseases will lead to improved classification and diagnostic coding, thereby advancing the recognition of chronic pain as a health condition in its own right.

KW - CHRONIC MUSCULOSKELETAL PAIN

KW - Chronic pain

KW - Chronic primary pain

KW - Chronic secondary pain

KW - Classification

KW - Coding

KW - DAILY-LIFE

KW - DIAGNOSES

KW - Diagnoses

KW - Disease

KW - FEAR

KW - Functioning

KW - GRADING SYSTEM

KW - ICD-11

KW - IMPACT

KW - MODEL

KW - NEUROPATHIC PAIN

KW - POSTSURGICAL PAIN

KW - PREVALENCE

KW - Symptom

U2 - 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001384

DO - 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001384

M3 - Article

VL - 160

SP - 19

EP - 27

JO - Pain

JF - Pain

SN - 0304-3959

IS - 1

ER -