Agency Beliefs Over Time and Across Cultures: Free Will Beliefs Predict Higher Job Satisfaction
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
In three studies, we examined the relationship between free will beliefs and job satisfaction over time and across cultures. Study 1 examined 252 Taiwanese real-estate agents over a 3-months period. Study 2 examined job satisfaction for 137 American workers on an online labor market over a 6-months period. Study 3 extended to a large sample of 14,062 employees from 16 countries and examined country-level moderators. We found a consistent positive relationship between the belief in free will and job satisfaction. The relationship was above and beyond other agency constructs (Study 2), mediated by perceived autonomy (Studies 2-3), and stronger in countries with a higher national endorsement of the belief in free will (Study 3). We conclude that free-will beliefs predict outcomes over time and across cultures beyond other agency constructs. We call for more cross-cultural and longitudinal studies examining free-will beliefs as predictors of real-life outcomes.
- Journal Article, CORE SELF-EVALUATIONS, METAANALYSIS, SUCCESS, agency, PERFORMANCE, BEHAVIOR, INTRINSIC MOTIVATION, CHOICE, belief in free will, DISBELIEF, PUNISHMENT, job satisfaction, BRAIN, United States, Humans, Male, Personal Autonomy, Job Satisfaction, Cross-Cultural Comparison, Taiwan, Adult, Female, Surveys and Questionnaires