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A ticket to mobility? Naturalisation and subsequent migration of refugees after obtaining asylum in the Netherlands

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@article{58bde9d6f5f94b4a8cac969a3eedf716,
title = "A ticket to mobility?: Naturalisation and subsequent migration of refugees after obtaining asylum in the Netherlands",
abstract = "Research on migrants to European countries commonly assumes that with naturalisation, migrants’ futures are closely linked to the receiving country. However, from a transnational perspective, citizenship acquisition does not necessarily lead to permanent settlement. Apart from the right to stay in the country, citizenship provides for extensive mobility rights and the freedom to settle elsewhere. This mobility premium may be particularly acute for refugees, and previous research indeed shows that EU citizenship is key in their international movement. Yet, knowledge of the demography, socio-economic profile and scale of subsequent movement of new citizens of refugee background is limited. We therefore test the ‘naturalisation-as-a-ticket-to-mobility’ thesis for a large and heterogeneous group of refugees who received asylum in the Netherlands. Based on longitudinal data, we follow an entire cohort of refugees registered in the Dutch municipal registers between 1995 and 1999 (N = 60,218) over a period of almost two decades. We examine for whom and under which conditions naturalisation results in subsequent international migration. Results from Cox models reveal that citizenship acquisition is generally associated with settlement in the Netherlands. However, for refugees receiving welfare benefits and those with a ‘weak passport’ prior to naturalisation, Dutch citizenship increases the likelihood of subsequent migration.",
keywords = "Citizenship, subsequent migration, refugees, mobility, mobility capital, TRAJECTORIES, RETURN MIGRATION, ONWARD MIGRATION, CONTEXT, IMPACT, CITIZENSHIP, INTEGRATION, IMMIGRATION, SECURITY, INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION",
author = "{de Hoon}, Marloes and Maarten Vink and H. Schmeets",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "26",
doi = "10.1080/1369183X.2019.1629894",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies",
issn = "1369-183X",
publisher = "Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A ticket to mobility?

T2 - Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies

AU - de Hoon, Marloes

AU - Vink, Maarten

AU - Schmeets, H.

PY - 2019/6/26

Y1 - 2019/6/26

N2 - Research on migrants to European countries commonly assumes that with naturalisation, migrants’ futures are closely linked to the receiving country. However, from a transnational perspective, citizenship acquisition does not necessarily lead to permanent settlement. Apart from the right to stay in the country, citizenship provides for extensive mobility rights and the freedom to settle elsewhere. This mobility premium may be particularly acute for refugees, and previous research indeed shows that EU citizenship is key in their international movement. Yet, knowledge of the demography, socio-economic profile and scale of subsequent movement of new citizens of refugee background is limited. We therefore test the ‘naturalisation-as-a-ticket-to-mobility’ thesis for a large and heterogeneous group of refugees who received asylum in the Netherlands. Based on longitudinal data, we follow an entire cohort of refugees registered in the Dutch municipal registers between 1995 and 1999 (N = 60,218) over a period of almost two decades. We examine for whom and under which conditions naturalisation results in subsequent international migration. Results from Cox models reveal that citizenship acquisition is generally associated with settlement in the Netherlands. However, for refugees receiving welfare benefits and those with a ‘weak passport’ prior to naturalisation, Dutch citizenship increases the likelihood of subsequent migration.

AB - Research on migrants to European countries commonly assumes that with naturalisation, migrants’ futures are closely linked to the receiving country. However, from a transnational perspective, citizenship acquisition does not necessarily lead to permanent settlement. Apart from the right to stay in the country, citizenship provides for extensive mobility rights and the freedom to settle elsewhere. This mobility premium may be particularly acute for refugees, and previous research indeed shows that EU citizenship is key in their international movement. Yet, knowledge of the demography, socio-economic profile and scale of subsequent movement of new citizens of refugee background is limited. We therefore test the ‘naturalisation-as-a-ticket-to-mobility’ thesis for a large and heterogeneous group of refugees who received asylum in the Netherlands. Based on longitudinal data, we follow an entire cohort of refugees registered in the Dutch municipal registers between 1995 and 1999 (N = 60,218) over a period of almost two decades. We examine for whom and under which conditions naturalisation results in subsequent international migration. Results from Cox models reveal that citizenship acquisition is generally associated with settlement in the Netherlands. However, for refugees receiving welfare benefits and those with a ‘weak passport’ prior to naturalisation, Dutch citizenship increases the likelihood of subsequent migration.

KW - Citizenship

KW - subsequent migration

KW - refugees

KW - mobility

KW - mobility capital

KW - TRAJECTORIES

KW - RETURN MIGRATION

KW - ONWARD MIGRATION

KW - CONTEXT

KW - IMPACT

KW - CITIZENSHIP

KW - INTEGRATION

KW - IMMIGRATION

KW - SECURITY

KW - INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION

U2 - 10.1080/1369183X.2019.1629894

DO - 10.1080/1369183X.2019.1629894

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies

JF - Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies

SN - 1369-183X

ER -