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A Tale of Two World Capitals: The Internationalisms of Pieter Eijkman and Paul Otlet

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A Tale of Two World Capitals: The Internationalisms of Pieter Eijkman and Paul Otlet. / Somsen, G.J.; van Acker, W.

In: Revue belge de philologie et d'histoire / Belgisch tijdschrift voor filologie en geschiedenis, Vol. 90, No. 4, 01.01.2012, p. 1389-1409.

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@article{514fa9d2252e4c2cb8e7c7bf66993fee,
title = "A Tale of Two World Capitals: The Internationalisms of Pieter Eijkman and Paul Otlet",
abstract = "The years before the First World War saw several proposals to establish a {"}World Capital{"} in one of Europe's smaller nations. Such proposals were transnational in at least three senses. They aimed to bring all international organizations and movements together; they hinged on international support; and they planned to concentrate all transnational traffic in one centre. At the same time, these grand projects often had nationalist intentions too, trying to advance their home country into a stronger international position. In this article we analyse the relationship between transnational and national dimensions by looking at two elaborate plans: the {"}World Capital{"}, proposed by the Dutch physician Pieter Eijkman (1862-1914) to be built near The Hague; and the {"}Cite mondiale{"} which the Belgian bibliographer and internationalist Paul Otlet (1868-1944) wanted to establish near Brussels. By comparing both projects and their mutual competition, we probe the combination of transnational and national ideology and opportunism.",
keywords = "Paul Otlet, Pieter Eijkman, Utopia, internationalism, world capital",
author = "G.J. Somsen and {van Acker}, W.",
year = "2012",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3406/rbph.2012.8292",
language = "English",
volume = "90",
pages = "1389--1409",
journal = "Revue belge de philologie et d'histoire / Belgisch tijdschrift voor filologie en geschiedenis",
issn = "0035-0818",
publisher = "Societe pour le Progres des Etudes Philologiques et Historiques",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Tale of Two World Capitals: The Internationalisms of Pieter Eijkman and Paul Otlet

AU - Somsen, G.J.

AU - van Acker, W.

PY - 2012/1/1

Y1 - 2012/1/1

N2 - The years before the First World War saw several proposals to establish a "World Capital" in one of Europe's smaller nations. Such proposals were transnational in at least three senses. They aimed to bring all international organizations and movements together; they hinged on international support; and they planned to concentrate all transnational traffic in one centre. At the same time, these grand projects often had nationalist intentions too, trying to advance their home country into a stronger international position. In this article we analyse the relationship between transnational and national dimensions by looking at two elaborate plans: the "World Capital", proposed by the Dutch physician Pieter Eijkman (1862-1914) to be built near The Hague; and the "Cite mondiale" which the Belgian bibliographer and internationalist Paul Otlet (1868-1944) wanted to establish near Brussels. By comparing both projects and their mutual competition, we probe the combination of transnational and national ideology and opportunism.

AB - The years before the First World War saw several proposals to establish a "World Capital" in one of Europe's smaller nations. Such proposals were transnational in at least three senses. They aimed to bring all international organizations and movements together; they hinged on international support; and they planned to concentrate all transnational traffic in one centre. At the same time, these grand projects often had nationalist intentions too, trying to advance their home country into a stronger international position. In this article we analyse the relationship between transnational and national dimensions by looking at two elaborate plans: the "World Capital", proposed by the Dutch physician Pieter Eijkman (1862-1914) to be built near The Hague; and the "Cite mondiale" which the Belgian bibliographer and internationalist Paul Otlet (1868-1944) wanted to establish near Brussels. By comparing both projects and their mutual competition, we probe the combination of transnational and national ideology and opportunism.

KW - Paul Otlet

KW - Pieter Eijkman

KW - Utopia

KW - internationalism

KW - world capital

U2 - 10.3406/rbph.2012.8292

DO - 10.3406/rbph.2012.8292

M3 - Article

VL - 90

SP - 1389

EP - 1409

JO - Revue belge de philologie et d'histoire / Belgisch tijdschrift voor filologie en geschiedenis

T2 - Revue belge de philologie et d'histoire / Belgisch tijdschrift voor filologie en geschiedenis

JF - Revue belge de philologie et d'histoire / Belgisch tijdschrift voor filologie en geschiedenis

SN - 0035-0818

IS - 4

ER -