X-ray exposure hazards for physicians performing ablation procedures and device implantation: results of the European Heart Rhythm Association survey

Germanas Marinskis*, Maria Grazia Bongiorni, Nikolaos Dagres, Thorsten Lewalter, Laurent Pison, Carina Blomstrom-Lundqvist

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Web of Science)


The purpose of the survey was to evaluate physician's and authorities policies and clinical practices when using occupational X-ray during ablation procedures and device implantation. This survey shows infrequent use of lead gloves, radiation absorbing pads, and lead glass cabins, but increasing use of three-dimensional mapping systems to decrease X-ray radiation hazards. Digital fluoroscopy with decreased frame rate is not used by approximately one-third of responding centres.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)444-446
JournalEP Europace
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013


  • Catheter ablation
  • Pacing
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Radiation dose

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