Working harder to obtain more snack foods when wanting to eat less

J.C.A.H. Giesen, R.C. Havermans, C. Nederkoorn, S. Strafaci, A.T.M. Jansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This study investigates individual differences in the reinforcing value of snack food. More specifically, it was investigated whether differences in restraint status are associated with differences in working for high-caloric snack food. Thirty-six unrestrained non-dieters, twenty restrained non-dieters and fifteen current dieters performed a concurrent schedules task in which they had the option to work for points for either snack food or fruit and vegetables. By progressively increasing the "price" of the snack foods (i.e., the amount of work required to obtain extra snack points) the relative reinforcing value of snack food was determined. As hypothesized, restrained non-dieters worked harder and current dieters worked less hard to obtain snack food as compared to unrestrained non-dieters.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-17
JournalBehaviour Research and Therapy
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

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