Why do Dutch people use dietary supplements? Exploring the role of socio-cognitive and psychosocial determinants

E. M. Pajor*, S. M. Eggers, K. C. J. Curfs, A. Oenema, H. de Vries

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background: In the Netherlands, the prevalence of dietary supplement use has doubled (from 17 to 40 per cent) since the 1980s. Yet, limited data is available on which socio-cognitive factors are associated with dietary supplement use. Therefore, the purpose of the study is to explain dietary supplement use with determinants deriving from the Integrated Change Model (ICM) and from formative research.

Method/design: Socio-cognitive and psychosocial factors were measured among users and non-users of dietary supplements in a longitudinal survey study, with measurements at baseline (N = 1448) and at one-month follow-up (N = 1161). Negative binomial regression analysis was applied to de data.

Results: Intention emerged as the main predictor of dietary supplement use (OR = 1.99). Further predictors of dietary supplement use with smaller effect-sizes were: health regulatory focus (promotion, OR = 1.46), social modelling (OR = 1.44), attitude (pros, OR = 1.37), attitude (cons, OR = 0.87), health locus of control (OR = 0.77), and risk perception (chance of getting ill, OR = 1.22).

Conclusions: Individuals tend to use dietary supplements if they are promotion oriented, notice dietary supplement users in their social environment, estimate their chances of getting ill higher, and have positive attitudes towards dietary supplements. In contrast, non-users believe that external factors affect their health, and hold negative attitudes towards dietary supplements. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-168
Number of pages8
JournalAppetite
Volume114
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Dietary supplement use
  • Integrated Change Model
  • Socio-cognitive factors
  • Psychosocial factors
  • The Netherlands
  • MULTIDIMENSIONAL HEALTH LOCUS
  • PLANNED BEHAVIOR
  • INTENTIONS
  • PREVENTION
  • CANCER
  • ADULTS
  • WOMEN
  • MODEL
  • SCALE
  • LIFE

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