Who was saving whom? The European Community and the Cold War, 1960s–1970s

Kiran Klaus Patel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This article argues that during the 1960s, the European Community (EC) made little contribution to peace. What peace there was resulted mainly from other factors, most importantly the United States as benevolent hegemon, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and bilateral agreements. European integration under the auspices of the EC presupposed peace rather than contributing to it. At the time, the EC's main role with regard to peace was at the symbolic level: it started to represent all attempts at peaceful co-operation and reconciliation in Western Europe. It was only in the 1970s, especially with the European Political Cooperation, that the EC began to actively promote peace beyond its borders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-47
Number of pages19
JournalThe British Journal of Politics and International Relations
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2017


  • Cold War
  • European integration
  • history
  • peace
  • security

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