WHO grade I meningiomas that show regrowth after gamma knife radiosurgery often show 1p36 loss

Pim J. J. Damen, Vincent J. Bulthuis, Patrick E. J. Hanssens, Suan Te Lie, Ruth Fleischeuer, Veerle Melotte, Kim A. Wouters, Andrea Ruland, Jan Beckervordersandforth, Ernst Jan M. Speel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)

Abstract

WHO grade I meningiomas occasionally show regrowth after radiosurgical treatment, which cannot be predicted by clinical features. There is increasing evidence that certain biomarkers are associated with regrowth of meningiomas. The aim of this retrospective study was to asses if these biomarkers could be of value to predict regrowth of WHO grade I meningiomas after additive radiosurgery. Forty-four patients with WHO grade I meningiomas who underwent additive radiosurgical treatment between 2002 and 2015 after Simpson IV resection were included in this study, of which 8 showed regrowth. Median follow-up time was 64 months (range 24-137 months). Tumors were analyzed for the proliferation marker Ki-67 by immunohistochemistry and for deletion of 1p36 by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Furthermore, genomic DNA was analyzed for promoter hypermethylation of the genes NDRG1-4, SFRP1, HOXA9 and MGMT. Comparison of meningiomas with and without regrowth after radiosurgery revealed that loss of 1p36 (p = 0.001) and hypermethylation of NDRG1 (p = 0.046) were correlated with regrowth free survival. Loss of 1p36 was the only parameter that was significantly associated with meningioma regrowth after multivariate analysis (p = 0.01). Assessment of 1p36 loss in tumor tissue prior to radiosurgery might be considered an indicator of prognosis/regrowth. However, this finding has to be validated in an independent larger set of tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16432
Number of pages10
JournalScientific Reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • TUMOR-SUPPRESSOR GENE
  • ALKALINE-PHOSPHATASE ACTIVITY
  • DOWNSTREAM-REGULATED GENE
  • STEREOTACTIC RADIOSURGERY
  • DNA METHYLATION
  • CPG ISLANDS
  • RECURRENCE
  • EXPRESSION
  • BENIGN
  • NDRG4

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