Who are the low educational achievers? An analysis in relation to gender, emotional stability and conscientiousness

Caroline Wehner*, Trudie Schils

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Low educational qualification, i.e. reaching no or only a very basic educational degree, substantially decreases an individual’s prospects on todays labour market. Emotional stability and conscientiousness are known to be predictive of educational achievement. Nevertheless, the moderating role of these two personality traits on the outcome of low educational qualification, and the interaction with gender are far less explored. In this paper, we use rich data from the British Cohort Study 1970 to analyse the relationship between personality measured in adolescence and educational achievement in adulthood. Our results show that less emotionally stable and less conscientious females have the highest risk of reaching only a low educational qualification. In contrast, more emotionally stable and less conscientious males face an above average risk of reaching a low educational qualification. Our results suggest that neglecting gender differences in the moderating relation of these two personality traits on low educational achievement is likely misleading.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages15
JournalApplied Economics
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 May 2021

JEL classifications

  • j16 - "Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination"
  • i24 - Education and Inequality
  • i20 - Education and Research Institutions: General

Keywords

  • adolescence and adult age
  • gender heterogeneity
  • low educational achievement
  • personality differences
  • SUCCESS
  • SCHOOL ACHIEVEMENT
  • PERFORMANCE
  • 5 PERSONALITY-TRAITS
  • NEUROTICISM
  • MOTIVATION
  • CHILDHOOD
  • INTELLIGENCE
  • SEX-DIFFERENCES
  • HEALTH
  • Low educational achievement

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