When is an optimization not an optimization? Evaluation of clinical implications of information content (signal-to-noise ratio) in optimization of cardiac resynchronization therapy, and how to measure and maximize it

Punam A. Pabari*, Keith Willson, Berthold Stegemann, Irene E. van Geldorp, Andreas Kyriacou, Michela Moraldo, Jamil Mayet, Alun D. Hughes, Darrel P. Francis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

37 Citations (Web of Science)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-290
JournalHeart Failure Reviews
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2011


  • Cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • Biventricular pacemaker
  • Optimization
  • Echocardiography
  • Velocity-time integral
  • Blood pressure

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