When cell death goes wrong: inflammatory outcomes of failed apoptosis and mitotic cell death

Florian J Bock, Joel S Riley*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal(Systematic) Review article peer-review

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Apoptosis is a regulated cellular pathway that ensures that a cell dies in a structured fashion to prevent negative consequences for the tissue or the organism. Dysfunctional apoptosis is a hallmark of numerous pathologies, and treatments for various diseases are successful based on the induction of apoptosis. Under homeostatic conditions, apoptosis is a non-inflammatory event, as the activation of caspases ensures that inflammatory pathways are disabled. However, there is an increasing understanding that under specific conditions, such as caspase inhibition, apoptosis and the apoptotic machinery can be re-wired into a process which is inflammatory. In this review we discuss how the death receptor and mitochondrial pathways of apoptosis can activate inflammation. Furthermore, we will highlight how cell death due to mitotic stress might be a special case when it comes to cell death and the induction of inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-303
Number of pages11
JournalCell Death and Differentiation
Early online date14 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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