What do patients and dermatologists prefer regarding low-risk basal cell carcinoma follow-up care? A discrete choice experiment

S. van Egmond*, E. de Vries, L. Hollestein, M. Bastiaens, K.P. de Roos, D. Kuijpers, E. Steyerberg, M. Wakkee, K. Mosterd, T. Nijsten, E.W. de Bekker-Grob

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

BackgroundFollow-up after low-risk basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is being provided more frequently than recommended by guidelines. To design an acceptable strategy to successfully reduce this 'low-value' care, it is important to obtain insights into the preferences of patients and dermatologists.ObjectiveTo determine the preferences and needs of patients and dermatologists to reduce low-risk BCC follow-up care, and the trade-offs they are willing to make.MethodsA questionnaire including a discrete choice experiment was created, containing attributes regarding amount of follow-up, continuity of care, method of providing addition information, type of healthcare provider, duration of follow-up visits and skin examination. In total, 371 BCC patients and all Dutch dermatologists and dermatology residents (n = 620) were invited to complete the questionnaire. A panel latent class model was used for analysis.ResultsEighty-four dermatologists and 266 BCC patients (21% and 72% response rates respectively) completed the discrete choice experiment. If the post-treatment visit was performed by the same person as treatment provider and a hand-out was provided to patients containing personalised information, the acceptance of having no additional follow-up visits (i.e. following the guidelines) would increase from 55% to 77% by patients. Female patients and older dermatologists, however, are less willing to accept the guidelines and prefer additional follow-up visits.LimitationsThe low response rate of dermatologists.ConclusionThis discrete choice experiment revealed a feasible strategy to substantially reduce costs, while maintaining quality of care, based on the preferences and needs of BCC patients, which is supported by dermatologists.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0249298
Number of pages14
JournalPLOS ONE
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2021

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