Voting and Bribing in Single-Exponential Time

Dusan Knop*, Martin Koutecký, Matthias Mnich

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingAcademicpeer-review


We introduce a general problem about bribery in voting systems. In the R-MULTI-BRIBERY problem, the goal is to bribe a set of voters at minimum cost such that a desired candidate wins the manipulated election under the voting rule R. Voters assign prices for withdrawing their vote, for swapping the positions of two consecutive candidates in their preference order, and for perturbing their approval count for a candidate.As our main result, we show that R-MULTI-BRIBERY is fixed-parameter tractable parameterized by the number of candidates for many natural voting rules R, including Kemeny rule, all scoring protocols, maximin rule, Bucklin rule, fallback rule, SP-AV, and any Cl rule. In particular, our result resolves the parameterized of R-SwAP BRIBERY for all those voting rules, thereby solving a long-standing open problem and "Challenge #2" of the 9 Challenges in computational social choice by Bredereck et al.Further, our algorithm runs in single-exponential time for arbitrary cost; it thus improves the earlier double-exponential time algorithm by Dorn and Schlotter that is restricted to the unit-cost case for all scoring protocols, the maximin rule, and Bucklin rule.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication34th Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2017)
Place of PublicationDagstuhl, Germany
PublisherSchloss Dagstuhl
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-95977-028-6
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

SeriesLeibniz International Proceedings in Informatics


  • parameterized algorithm
  • swap bribery
  • n-fold integer programming

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