Volatile N-nitrosamines in gastric juice of patients with various conditions of the gastrointestinal tract determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and related to intragastric pH and nitrate and nitrite levels.

J.W. Dallinga*, D.M.F.A. Pachen, A.H.P. Lousberg, J.A.M. Geel, J.M.S. van Maanen, J.C.S. Kleinjans

*Corresponding author for this work

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Department of Health Risk Analysis and Toxicology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Maastricht University, The Netherlands.

Gastric juice samples of 71 patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy were collected as well as saliva samples from 40 of these patients. Age, sex, endoscopic diagnosis and medication were recorded. The gastric juice samples were analyzed for the presence and quantity of individual volatile N-nitrosamines, which were detected by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, without prior derivatization. The samples were screened for eight nitrosamines, i.e. N-nitrosodimethylamine, N-nitrosoethylmethylamine, N-nitrosodiethylamine, N-nitrosodi-n-propylamine, N-nitrosodi-n-butylamine, N-nitrosopyrrolidine, N-nitrosopiperidine and N-nitrosomorpholine. The pH of the fresh gastric juice as well as nitrate and nitrite levels of gastric juice and saliva were determined. The mean total level of volatile N-nitrosamines in gastric juice was found to be 4.84 nmol/l (range 0-17.7 nmol/l). The main N-nitrosamines found were N-nitrosodiethylamine (mean concentration 3.1 nmol/l), N-nitrosodimethylamine (mean concentration 0.90 nmol/l) and N-nitrosopyrrolidine (mean concentration 0.38 nmol/l). Significant correlations between mean intragastric pH values and mean N-nitrosodi-n-butylamine level (P = 0.005) and total volatile N-nitrosamine contents (P = 0.009) were observed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-125
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Letters
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1998

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