Vitamin K Dependent Protection of Renal Function in Multi-ethnic Population Studies

Fang-Fei Wei, Nadja E. A. Drummen, Aletta E. Schutte, Lutgarde Thijs, Lotte Jacobs, Thibaut Petit, Wen-Yi Yang, Wayne Smith, Zhen-Yu Zhang, Yu-Mei Gu, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Peter Verhamme, Karel Allegaert, Rudolph Schutte, Evelyne Lerut, Pieter Evenepoel, Cees Vermeer, Jan A. Staessen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

38 Citations (Web of Science)


Background: Following activation by vitamin K (VK), matrix Gla protein (MGP) inhibits arterial calcification, but its role in preserving renal function remains unknown. Methods: In 1166 white Flemish (mean age, 38.2 years) and 714 South Africans (49.2% black; 40.6 years), we correlated estimated glomerular filtration (eGFR [CKD-EPI formula]) and stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD [KDOQI stages 2-3]) with inactive desphospho-uncarboxylated MGP (dp-ucMGP), using multivariable linear and logistic regression. Results: Among Flemish and white and black Africans, between-group differences in eGFR (90, 100 and 122 mL/min/1.73 m(2)), dp-ucMGP (3.7, 6.5 and 3.2 mu g/L), and CKD prevalence (53.5, 28.7 and 10.5%) were significant, but associations of eGFR with dp-ucMGP did not differ among ethnicities (P >= 0.075). For a doubling of dp-ucMGP, eGFR decreased by 1.5 (P = 0.023), 1.0 (P = 0.56), 2.8 (P = 0.0012) and 2.1 (P <0.0001) mL/min/1.73 m(2) in Flemish, white Africans, black Africans and all participants combined; the odds ratios for moving up one CKD stage were 1.17 (P = 0.033), 1.03 (P = 0.87), 1.29 (P = 0.12) and 1.17 (P = 0.011), respectively. Interpretation: In the general population, eGFR decreases and CKD risk increaseswith higher dp-ucMGP, a marker of VK deficiency. These findings highlight the possibility that VK supplementation might promote renal health.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-169
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016


  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Glomerular filtration rate
  • Matrix Gla protein
  • Population science
  • Vitamin K

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