Obesity is characterized by a blunted lipolytic response in abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and low circulating vitamin D levels. Here we investigated whether an impaired SAT lipolytic response coincides with an impaired SAT vitamin D release in eight lean and six obese men. 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3 ] and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2 D3 ] fluxes across SAT were measured using arterio-venous blood sampling in combination with AT blood flow measurements after an overnight fast and during 1-hr intravenous infusion of the non-selective ß-adrenergic agonist isoprenaline (20 ng·kg FFM-1 ·min-1 ). 1,25(OH)2 D3 was released across abdominal SAT during isoprenaline infusion in lean [-0.01 (-0.04 to 0.00) pmol*100 g tissue-1 *min-1 , p = .017 vs. zero flux], but not in obese men [0.01 (0.00 to 0.02) pmol*100 g tissue-1 *min-1 , p = .116 vs. zero flux], and accompanied by an impaired isoprenaline-induced lipolytic response in abdominal SAT of obese versus lean men. Isoprenaline had no significant effects on net 25(OH)D3 release across abdominal SAT and plasma vitamin D metabolites in lean and obese men. To conclude, a blunted isoprenaline-mediated lipolysis is accompanied by reduced release of 1,25(OH)2 D3 vitamin D across abdominal SAT in obesity.