Vitamin D deficiency as a risk factor for the development of autoantibodies in patients with ASIA and silicone breast implants: a cohort study and review of the literature

Maartje J. L. Colaris, Rene R. van der Hulst, Jan Willem Cohen Tervaert*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal(Systematic) Review article peer-review

12 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

The development of autoimmunity and/or autoimmune diseases is multifactorial. Vitamin D is one of the factors that might play a role. We postulated that both the presence of adjuvants and insufficient levels of vitamin D may result in the development of autoimmunity in patients with autoimmune/inflammatory syndrome induced by adjuvants (ASIA) in relation to silicone implant incompatibility. We measured vitamin D levels in 135 patients with ASIA in relation to silicone implant incompatibility and related findings to the presence of autoantibodies that are commonly used to diagnose systemic autoimmune diseases. Furthermore, we systematically reviewed the literature regarding vitamin D deficiency as a risk factor for the development of autoantibodies. Vitamin D measurements were available for analysis in 131 of 135 patients with ASIA in relation to SIIS. Twenty-three patients (18%) tested positive for autoantibodies, from which 18 patients (78%) had either a vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency (median vitamin D level 60.5 mmol/L), whereas five patients (22%) had sufficient vitamin D levels. The risk to develop autoantibodies was significantly increased in vitamin D deficient and/or insufficient patients [RR 3.14; 95% CI, 1.24-7.95; p = 0.009]. Reviewed literature suggested an association between vitamin D levels and the presence and/or titer levels of autoantibodies in different autoimmune diseases. From our current study and from our review of the literature, we conclude that vitamin D deficiency is related to the presence of autoantibodies. Whether vitamin D supplementation results in a decrease of autoimmunity needs to be studied prospectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)981-993
Number of pages13
JournalClinical Rheumatology
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2017

Keywords

  • Autoantibodies
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • Vitamin D supplementation
  • SYSTEMIC-LUPUS-ERYTHEMATOSUS
  • EPSTEIN-BARR-VIRUS
  • AUTOIMMUNE THYROID-DISEASE
  • MULTIPLE-SCLEROSIS PATIENTS
  • INFLAMMATORY-BOWEL-DISEASE
  • B-CELL DIFFERENTIATION
  • RHEUMATOID-ARTHRITIS
  • ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID SYNDROME
  • ANTINUCLEAR ANTIBODIES
  • HASHIMOTOS-THYROIDITIS

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