There is an ongoing debate whether or not patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are more prone to produce false memories. The present study investigated this question using a visual variant of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm, additionally addressing underlying mechanisms of false memory production (e.g., depression, dissociation, emotional valence, arousal). The visual paradigm was administered to 48 traumatized individuals with (n = 20) and without PTSD (n = 28) and 28 non-traumatized controls. Groups did not differ with regard to memory performance and memory confidence. False memories were correlated with depression. We recommend that future studies employ trauma-related material to further explore memory aberrations in PTSD.
|Journal||Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2009|
Jelinek, L., Hottenrott, B., Randjbar, S., Peters, M. J. V., & Moritz, S. (2009). Visual false memories in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 40, 374-383. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2009.02.003