Vessel velocity decisions in inland waterway transportation under uncertainty

Moritz Buchem*, Julian Arthur Pawel Golak, Alexander Grigoriev

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Recent studies have concentrated on environmental and economic impacts of ships. In this regard, fuel and CO2 emission is considered as one of the important factors for such impacts. In particular, the sailing speed of the vessels affects the fuel consumption and therefore the emission directly. In this study, we consider a speed optimization problem in inland waterway, which is characterized by stochastic waiting times at the lock caused by uncertainty in lock processing time estimations of other vessels. The objective is to minimize fuel consumption of an approaching ship, such that it traverses the river segment in a set deadline. We introduce a mathematical model for this problem and evaluate the effectiveness and attractiveness of two solution approaches: an optimal solution and a simple heuristic. This creates intuitive guidelines for skippers based on information provision to select an appropriate speed decision approach to minimize the total expected fuel consumption and CO2 emission of inland waterway transportation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)669-678
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Operational Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jan 2022

JEL classifications

  • c00 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods: General


  • climate change
  • dynamic programming
  • environment
  • fuel consumption
  • lock scheduling
  • stochastic optimization
  • change
  • Fuel consumption
  • Lock scheduling
  • Dynamic programming
  • Stochastic optimization
  • OR in environment and climate

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