Veridical and false memory for scenic material in posttraumatic stress disorder

M. Hauschildt, M.J.V. Peters, L. Jelinek, S. Moritz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The question whether memory aberrations in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) also manifest as an increased production of false memories is important for both theoretical and practical reasons, but is yet unsolved. Therefore, for the present study we investigated veridical and false recognition in PTSD with a new scenic variant of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm, which was administered to traumatized individuals with PTSD (n = 32), traumatized individuals without PTSD (n = 30), and non-traumatized controls (n = 30). The PTSD group neither produced higher rates of false memories nor expressed more confidence in errors, but did show inferior memory sensitivity. Whereas depressive symptoms did not correlate with veridical nor false recognition, state dissociation was positively associated with false memories. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-89
Number of pages10
JournalConsciousness and Cognition
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

Keywords

  • Memory
  • False memory
  • PTSD
  • Dissociation
  • DRM paradigm
  • Arousal
  • Trauma
  • Recognition memory
  • REPORTING RECOVERED MEMORIES
  • CHILDHOOD SEXUAL-ABUSE
  • DISSOCIATIVE EXPERIENCES
  • DIAGNOSTIC SCALE
  • COMBAT VETERANS
  • WORD LISTS
  • TRAUMA
  • INFORMATION
  • ATTENTION

Cite this

Hauschildt, M. ; Peters, M.J.V. ; Jelinek, L. ; Moritz, S. / Veridical and false memory for scenic material in posttraumatic stress disorder. In: Consciousness and Cognition. 2012 ; Vol. 21, No. 1. pp. 80-89.
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Veridical and false memory for scenic material in posttraumatic stress disorder. / Hauschildt, M.; Peters, M.J.V.; Jelinek, L.; Moritz, S.

In: Consciousness and Cognition, Vol. 21, No. 1, 03.2012, p. 80-89.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AB - The question whether memory aberrations in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) also manifest as an increased production of false memories is important for both theoretical and practical reasons, but is yet unsolved. Therefore, for the present study we investigated veridical and false recognition in PTSD with a new scenic variant of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm, which was administered to traumatized individuals with PTSD (n = 32), traumatized individuals without PTSD (n = 30), and non-traumatized controls (n = 30). The PTSD group neither produced higher rates of false memories nor expressed more confidence in errors, but did show inferior memory sensitivity. Whereas depressive symptoms did not correlate with veridical nor false recognition, state dissociation was positively associated with false memories. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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