Aims The primary aim of the VIP-HF study was to examine the incidence of sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTs) in heart failure (HF) with mid-range (HFmrEF) or preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Secondary aims were to examine the incidence of non-sustained VTs, bradyarrhythmias, HF hospitalizations and mortality. Methods and results This was an investigator-initiated, prospective, multicentre, observational study of patients with HF and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >40%. Patients underwent extensive phenotyping, after which an implantable loop recorder was implanted. We enrolled 113 of the planned 250 patients [mean age 73 +/- 8 years, 51% women, New York Heart Association class II/III 54%/46%, median N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide 1367 (710-2452) pg/mL and mean LVEF 54 +/- 6%; 75% had LVEF >50%]. Eighteen percent had non-sustained VTs and 37% had atrial fibrillation on Holter monitoring. During a median follow-up of 657 (219-748) days, the primary endpoint of sustained VT was observed in one patient. The incidence of the primary endpoint was 0.6 (95% confidence interval 0.2-3.5) per 100 person-years. The incidence of the secondary endpoint of non-sustained VT was 11.5 (7.1-18.7) per 100 person-years. Five patients developed bradyarrhythmias [3.2 (1.4-7.5) per 100 person-years], three were implanted with a pacemaker. In total, 23 patients (20%) were hospitalized for HF [16.3 (10.9-24.4) per 100 person-years]. Fourteen patients (12%) died [8.7 (5.2-14.7) per 100 person-years]; 10 due to cardiovascular causes, and four sudden deaths, one with implantable loop recorder-confirmed bradyarrhythmias as terminal event, three others undetermined. Conclusion Despite the lower than expected number of included patients, the incidence of sustained VTs in HFmrEF/HFpEF was low. Clinically relevant bradyarrhythmias were more often observed than expected.
- Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction
- Heart failure with mid-range ejection fraction
- Ventricular tachyarrhythmias
- Sudden death
- SUDDEN CARDIAC DEATH
- RISK STRATIFICATION
- ESC GUIDELINES