Value of ADC measurements for nodal staging after chemoradiation in locally advanced rectal cancer-a per lesion validation study.

D.M. Lambregts, M. Maas, R.G. Riedl, F.C. Bakers, J.L. Verwoerd, A.G. Kessels, G. Lammering, C. Boetes, G.L. Beets, R.G.H. Beets-Tan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance of diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) in addition to T2-weighted (T2W) MRI for nodal restaging after chemoradiation in rectal cancer. METHODS: Thirty patients underwent chemoradiation followed by MRI (1.5 T) and surgery. Imaging consisted of T2W-MRI and DWI (b0, 500, 1000). On T2W-MRI, nodes were scored as benign/malignant by two independent readers (R1, R2). Mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) was measured for each node. Diagnostic performance was compared for T2W-MRI, ADC and T2W+ADC, using a per lesion histological validation. RESULTS: ADC was higher for the malignant nodes (1.43 +/- 0.38 vs 1.19 +/- 0.27 *10(-3) mm(2)/s, p < 0.001). Area under the ROC curve/sensitivity/specificity were 0.88/65%/93% (R1) and 0.95/71%/91% (R2) using T2W-MRI; 0.66/53%/82% using ADC (mean of two readers); and 0.91/56%/98% (R1) and 0.96/56%/99% (R2) using T2W+ADC. There was no significant difference between T2W-MRI and T2W+ADC. Interobserver reproducibility was good for T2W-MRI (kappa0.73) and ADC (intraclass correlation coefficient 0.77). CONCLUSIONS: After chemoradiation, ADC measurements may have potential for nodal characterisation, but DWI on its own is not reliable. Addition of DWI to T2W-MRI does not improve accuracy and T2W-MRI is already sufficiently accurate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-273
JournalEuropean Radiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

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