Value incongruence, autonomy, and organization-based self-esteem: A self-based perspective on organizational cynicism

A.J.A.M. Naus*, A.T.M. van Iterson, R.A. Roe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

42 Citations (Web of Science)


Combining the perspectives of person-environment fit and self-theory, a model was postulated in which both the incongruence between personal and perceived organizational values and job autonomy precede organizational cynicism, while organization-based self-esteem, as a psychological explanation for cynicism, was hypothesized to mediate both relationships. The model and corresponding hypotheses were tested on a sample of 174 dutch workers. Polynomial regression results indicated that value incongruence and job autonomy add significantly to the prediction of organizational cynicism. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to test the hypothesized mediating effect of organization-based self-esteem. Results indicated that self-esteem partially mediates both relationships. These results support the conceptualization of organizational cynicism as a self-defensive response to problematic events and circumstances in the work environment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-219
JournalEuropean Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology
Volume16 feb
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007

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