PURPOSE: To validate the collapsed cone (CC) algorithm against Monte Carlo (MC) simulations for model-based dose calculations in high-dose-rate (HDR) liver brachytherapy.
METHODS AND MATERIALS: Doses for liver brachytherapy treatment plans of 10 cases were retrospectively recalculated with a model-based approach using Monte Carlo n-Particle Code (MCNP) 6 (Dm,m-MC) and Oncentra Brachy ACE (Dm,m-ACE). Tissue segmentation consisted of assigning uniform compositions and mass densities to predefined Hounsfield Unit (HU) thresholds. Resulting doses were compared according to dose volume histogram parameters typical for clinical routine. These included the percentage liver volume receiving 5 Gy (V5Gy) or 10 Gy (V10Gy), the maximum dose to one cubic centimeter (D1cc) of organs at risk, the clinical target volume (CTV) fractions receiving 150% (V150), 100% (V100), 95% (V95) and 90% (V90) of the prescribed dose and the absolute doses to 95% (D95) and 90% (D90) of the CTV volumes.
RESULTS: Doses from Oncentra Brachy ACE agreed well with MC simulations. Differences were seen far from the source, in low-density regions and bone structures. Median percentage deviations were 1.1% for the liver V5Gy and 0.4% for the liver V10Gy, with deviations of largest magnitude amounting to 2.2% and 1.0%, respectively. Organs at risk had median deviations ranging from 0.3% to 1.5% for D1cc, with outliers ranging up to 4.6%. CTV volume parameter deviations ranged between -1.5% and 0.5%, dose parameter deviations ranged mostly between -2% and 1%, with two outliers at -4.0% and -3.4% for a small CTV.
- AAPM TG-186
- CT-GUIDED BRACHYTHERAPY
- Collapsed cone
- DOSE CALCULATION ALGORITHM
- INTERSTITIAL BRACHYTHERAPY
- Interstitial liver brachytherapy
- Model-based dose calculation algorithm
- Monte Carlo Simulation