Validation of Prediction Models for Near Adult Height in Children with Idiopathic Growth Hormone Deficiency Treated with Growth Hormone: A Belgian Registry Study

Saartje Straetemans*, Jean De Schepper, Muriel Thomas, Franciska Verlinde, Raoul Rooman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Web of Science)


Background/Aim: To validate prediction models for near final adult height (nFAH) by Ranke et al. [Horm Res Paediatr 2013; 79: 51-67]. Methods: Height data of 127 (82 male) idiopathic growth hormone (GH)-deficient children, treated with GH until nFAH, were retrieved from the database of the Belgian Society for Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetology (BESPEED). nFAH was predicted after first-year GH treatment, applying prediction models by Ranke et al. Bland-Altman plots and Clarke error grid analyses were performed to assess clinical significance of the differences between observed and predicted nFAH. Results: In males, the predicted nFAH was higher than the observed nFAH (difference: 0.2 +/- 0.7 SD; p <0.01). In females, there was no significant difference. Bland-Altman analyses showed that the means of the differences between observed and predicted nFAH were close but not equal to zero, with overprediction for smaller heights and underprediction for taller heights. Clarke error grid analysis: in males, 59-61% of the predicted nFAH were within 0.5 SDS and 88% within 1.0 SDS from the observed nFAH; in females, 40-44% of the predicted nFAH were within 0.5 SDS and 76-78% within 1.0 SDS from the observed nFAH. Conclusion: Ranke's models accurately predicted nFAH in females and overpredicted nFAH in males by about 1.5 cm. In most individuals, the predicted nFAH was within 1 SDS of observed nFAH. These models can be of help in giving realistic expectations of adult height.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-168
JournalHormone Research in Paediatrics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Growth hormone deficiency
  • Growth hormone therapy
  • Prediction model
  • Validation
  • Adult height

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