Validation of a rectal cancer outcome prediction model with a cohort of Chinese patients

Lijun Shen, Johan van Soest, Jiazhou Wang, Jialu Yu, Weigang Hu, Yutao U. T. Gong, Vincenzo Valentini, Ying Xiao, Andre Dekker, Zhen Zhang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The risk of local recurrence (LR), distant metastases (DM) and overall survival (OS) of locally advanced rectal cancer after preoperative chemoradiation can be estimated by prediction models and visualized using nomograms, which have been trained and validated in European clinical trial populations. Data of 277 consecutive locally advanced rectal adenocarcinoma patients treated with preoperative chemoradiation and surgery from Shanghai Cancer Center, were retrospectively collected and used for external validation. Concordance index (C-index) and calibration curves were used to assess the performance of the previously developed prediction models in this routine clinical validation population. The C-index for the published prediction models was 0.72 +/- 0.079, 0.75 +/- 0.043 and 0.72 +/- 0.089 in predicting 2-year LR, DM and OS in the Chinese population, respectively. Kaplan-Meier curves indicated good discriminating performance regarding LR, but could not convincingly discriminate a low-risk and medium-risk group for distant control and OS. Calibration curves showed a trend of underestimation of local and distant control, as well as OS in the observed data compared with the estimates predicted by the model. In conclusion, we externally validated three models for predicting 2-year LR, DM and OS of locally advanced rectal cancer patients who underwent preoperative chemoradiation and curative surgery with good discrimination in a single Chinese cohort. However, the model overestimated the local control rate compared to observations in the clinical cohort. Validation in other clinical cohorts and optimization of the prediction model, perhaps by including additional prognostic factors, may enhance model validity and its applicability for personalized treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38327-38335
Issue number35
Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2015


  • rectal cancer
  • preoperative chemoradiation
  • external validation
  • nomogram

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