Validation of a German Version of the Ethical Leadership at Work Questionnaire by Kalshoven et al. (2011)

Barbara Steinmann, Annika Nübold, Günter W Maier

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Abstract

The present study evaluates the psychometric properties of a German version of the Ethical Leadership at Work questionnaire (ELW-D), and further embeds the construct of ethical leadership within its nomological network. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) based on the total sample of N = 363 employees support the assumed seven-factor structure of the German translation. Within a sub-sample of N = 133, the ELW-D shows positive correlations with related leadership behaviors (transformational leadership, contingent reward, and servant leadership), and negative correlations with destructive ones (passive leadership, autocratic leadership, and abusive supervision), approving convergent validity of the scale. Comparisons of correlated correlation coefficients reveal restrictions of its discriminant validity. In support of the criterion-related validity (N = 100), the ELW-D relates to work-related attitudes (e.g., job satisfaction, satisfaction with the leader, trust in the leader) and follower behaviors (e.g., extra effort, organizational citizenship behavior) in the way expected. Besides, ELW-D-dimensions show incremental validity over and above the Ethical Leadership Scale, emphasizing the added value of this questionnaire.

Original languageEnglish
Article number446
Number of pages17
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2016

Keywords

  • ethical leadership
  • ethical leadership at work questionnaire
  • construct validity
  • criterion-related validity
  • nomological network
  • BEHAVIORAL INTEGRITY
  • TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP
  • ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT
  • MULTIDIMENSIONAL MEASURE
  • SERVANT LEADERSHIP
  • PERFORMANCE
  • EMPLOYEES
  • VALIDITY
  • TRUST
  • PERCEPTIONS

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