Validation and implementation of a patient-reported experience measure for patients with rheumatoid arthritis and spondyloarthritis in the Netherlands

Esther Beckers*, Casper Webers, Annelies Boonen, Peter M. ten Klooster, Harald E. Vonkeman, Astrid van Tubergen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Web of Science)


Objectives To test the psychometric properties of the United Kingdom's Commissioning for Quality in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patient-Reported Experience Measure (CQRA-PREM) in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to implement this questionnaire in daily practice in the Netherlands. Methods After a forward-backward translation procedure into Dutch, the CQRA-PREM was tested into two quality registries in daily practice. Face validity was assessed with focus group interviews. Feasibility was evaluated through completion times and interpretability of domain scores through floor and ceiling effects. Internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficients) and homogeneity (corrected item-total correlations) were determined. Divergent validity was assessed by Spearman's rank correlation coefficients (r(s)) between the average scores of domains and outcome measures. The CQRA-PREM was implemented in daily practice, and the results were used in quality improvement cycles. Results Face validity of the CQRA-PREM was good. The CQRA-PREM was completed by 282 patients with SpA and 376 with RA. Median time to complete the CQRA-PREM was 4.7 min. Ceiling effects were found in three out of seven domains. Internal consistency of nearly all domains was considered good (0.65 0.7), suggesting item redundancy. Divergent validity showed that nearly all domains of the CQRA-PREM were at most weakly correlated with outcomes measures (- 0.3

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2889-2897
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Rheumatology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020


  • Epidemiology
  • Outcome research
  • Patient perspective
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Spondyloarthritis

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