Using the Care Dependency Scale for identifying patients at risk for pressure ulcer

A. Dijkstra*, H. Kazimier, R.J.G. Halfens

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Aim. The aim of this study was to evaluate risk screening for pressure ulcer by using the Care Dependency Scale (CDS) for patients receiving home care or admitted to a residential or nursing home in the Netherlands.

Background. Pressure ulcer is a serious and persistent problem for patients throughout the Western world. Pressure ulcer is among the most common adverse events in nursing practice and when a pressure ulcer occurs it has many consequences for patients and healthcare professionals.

Design. Cross-sectional design.

Methods. The convenience sample consisted of 13,633 study participants, of whom 2639 received home care from 15 organisations, 4077 were patients from 67 residential homes and 6917 were admitted in 105 nursing homes. Data were taken from the Dutch National Prevalence Survey of Care Problems that was carried out in April 2012 in Dutch healthcare settings.

Results. For the three settings, cut-off points above 80% sensitivity were established, while in the residential home sample an almost 60% combined specificity score was identified. The CDS items 'Body posture' (home care), 'Getting dressed and undressed' (residential homes) and 'Mobility' (nursing homes) 'were the most significant variables which affect PU.

Conclusions. The CDS is able to distinguish between patients at risk for pressure ulcer development and those not at risk in both home care and residential care settings. In nursing homes, the usefulness of the CDS for pressure ulcer detection is limited.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2529-2539
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015


  • Care Dependency Scale
  • home care
  • nursing
  • nursing home
  • pressure ulcer
  • residential homes
  • risk assessment
  • TOOL

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