Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) are a new class of drugs that might have a potential beneficial effect on bone metabolism. Data on the effect of GLP-1 RAs and fracture risk are lacking. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between the use of GLP-1 and the risk of fracture. A case-control study was performed using Danish National Health Service data. Cases were those who sustained a fracture and controls were those without a fracture during the study period (2007-2011), all aged 18 years and above. Conditional logistic regression estimated the odds ratios (OR) of fracture with current use of DPP4-I use. Analyses were adjusted for comorbidities and recent drug use. Among cases (n = 229,114), there were 6993 current non-insulin anti-diabetic drug (NIAD) users (excluding incretin users) and 255 GLP-1 RA users. Similarly, among controls (n = 229,114), 7209 were NIAD users (excluding incretin users) and 220 were GLP-1 RA users. Current GLP-1 RA use was not associated with a decreased risk of fracture [adjusted (adj.) OR 1.16; 95% CI 0.83-1.63]. Osteoporotic fracture risk was also not associated with current GLP-1 RA use (adj. OR 0.78; 95% CI 0.44-1.39). In our nation-wide case-control study, we identified that the use of GLP-1 RA was not associated with fracture risk as compared to the use of other anti-hyperglycemic drugs. Additionally, current GLP-1 RA use, stratified by cumulative or average daily dose, is not associated with fracture risk. Further research should focus on long-term use of GLP-1 RA and fracture risk.
- GLP-1 RA
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus
- BONE-MINERAL DENSITY
- EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Driessen, J. H. M., van Onzenoort, H. A. W., Starup-Linde, J., Henry, R., Burden, A. M., Neef, C., van den Bergh, J. P., Vestergaard, P., & de Vries, F. (2015). Use of Glucagon-Like-Peptide 1 Receptor Agonists and Risk of Fracture as Compared to Use of Other Anti-hyperglycemic Drugs. Calcified Tissue International, 97(5), 506-515. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00223-015-0037-y