Usability of the Experience Sampling Method in Parkinson's Disease on a Group and Individual Level

Anne E. P. Mulders, Rachel M. J. van der Velden, Marjan Drukker, Martijn P. G. Broen, Mark L. Kuijf, Albert F. G. Leentjens*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background Around 50% of PD patients experience motor fluctuations, which are often accompanied by mood fluctuations. The nature of the relationship between motor and mood fluctuations remains unknown. It is suggested that the experience sampling method can reveal such associations on both a group and individual level. Revealing group patterns may enhance our understanding of symptom interactions and lead to more general treatment recommendations, whereas analyses in individual patients can be used to establish a personalized treatment plan.

Objectives To explore the usability of routinely collected experience sampling method data over a brief period of time to detect associations between motor fluctuations, affective state, and contextual factors in PD patients with motor fluctuations on a group level and on an individual level.

Methods Eleven patients with motor fluctuations collected data at 10 semirandom moments over the day for 5 consecutive days.

Results On a group level, multilevel analyses showed significant associations between all motor symptoms and positive affect. Being at home was associated with increased balance problems and rigidity. Analyses on an individual level revealed much less significant associations that mostly, but not always, were in line with the results on a group level.

Conclusion This exploratory study showed significant associations between affective state, motor symptoms, and contextual factors in a group of PD patients with motor fluctuations, but less so in individual patients. Given that the ultimate aim is to use the experience sampling method as an aid to personalize treatments, the sensitivity of the approach needs to be increased. (c) 2020 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1145-1152
Number of pages8
JournalMovement Disorders
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020


  • Parkinson's disease
  • experience sampling
  • motor fluctuations
  • affective symptoms
  • methodological issues
  • MOOD
  • LIFE
  • TOOL

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