Urinary Microbiome and its Correlation with Disorders of the Genitourinary System

A.J.B. Marand*, G.A. Van Koeveringe, D. Janssen, N. Vahed, T.A. Vogeli, J. Heesakkers, S. Hajebrahimi, M.S. Rahnama'i

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)

Abstract

Purpose: Until recently, the urine of healthy individuals was assumed to be sterile. However, improvement of bacterial detection methods has debunked this assumption. Recent studies have shown that the bladder contains microbiomes, which are not detectable under standard conditions. In this review, we aimed to present an overview of the published literature regarding the relationship between urinary microbiota and functional disorders of the genitourinary system.Methods: We searched Medline, PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane library and Scopus to identify RCTs published, with MeSH and free keywords including microbiota, bladder pain syndrome, prostatitis, kidney stone disease, and bladder cancer until September 2020. Randomized controlled trials investigating microbiome and lower urinary tract symptoms were included. Non-randomized trials, cross-over trials and pooled studies were excluded. The articles were critically appraised by two reviewers.Conclusion: The urine microbiome is a newly introduced concept, which has attracted the attention of medical researchers. Since its recent introduction, researchers have conducted many fruitful studies on this phenomenon, changing our perspective toward the role of bacteria in the urinary tract and our perception of the genitourinary system health.Result: A deeper understanding of the urinary microbiome can help us to develop more efficient methods for restoring the microbiota to a healthy composition and providing symptom relief. Modification of the urinary microbiome without antibiotic use can be a possible venue for future research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-270
Number of pages12
JournalUrology Journal
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021

Keywords

  • Microbiome
  • Urinary Microbiota
  • Urine Culture
  • Enhanced Quantitative Urine Culture
  • 16s Rrna Sequencing
  • Viruses and LUTS
  • Bacteriophages and LUTS
  • Fungi and LUTS
  • Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
  • Urinary Tract Infection
  • Overactive Bladder Syndrome
  • Urinary Incontinence
  • Bladder Pain Syndrome
  • Detrusor Underactivity
  • Chronic Prostatitis
  • Pelvic Pain
  • Kidney Stones
  • Bladder Cancer
  • PELVIC PAIN SYNDROME
  • STANDARDIZATION SUB-COMMITTEE
  • BIOFILM FORMATION
  • TRACT-INFECTIONS
  • BLADDER
  • TERMINOLOGY
  • HEALTH
  • WOMEN
  • BACTERIURIA
  • ASSOCIATION

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