Uremic Toxins and Vascular Calcification-Missing the Forest for All the Trees

Nikolas Rapp, Pieter Evenepoel, Peter Stenvinkel, Leon Schurgers*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Article number624
Number of pages28
JournalToxins
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • uremic toxins
  • uremia
  • chronic kidney disease
  • cardiovascular disease
  • vascular smooth muscle cells
  • vascular calcification
  • middle molecules
  • protein bound uremic solutes
  • water-soluble uremic solutes
  • SMOOTH-MUSCLE-CELLS
  • CORONARY-ARTERY CALCIFICATION
  • CHRONIC KIDNEY-DISEASE
  • NF-KAPPA-B
  • NECROSIS-FACTOR-ALPHA
  • C-REACTIVE PROTEIN
  • SERUM URIC-ACID
  • PLASMA LEPTIN LEVELS
  • GLYCATION END-PRODUCT
  • INDOXYL SULFATE

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