Unstimulated platelets evoke calcium responses in human umbilical vein endothelial cells.

S.C.D. IJzendoorn, R.G.J. van Gool, C.P.M. Reutelingsperger, J.W.M. Heemskerk

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Abstract

Unstimulated platelets evoke calcium responses in human umbilical vein endothelial cells.

van IJzendoorn SC, van Gool RG, Reutelingsperger CP, Heemskerk JW.

Department of Human Biology, University of Limburg, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Interactions between human platelets and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were studied by monitoring changes in cytosolic [Ca2+]i in both cell types. Confluent monolayers of Fura-2-loaded HUVEC, grown on gelatin-coated coverslips, responded to repeated addition of a suspension of unstimulated platelets by transient increases in cytosolic [Ca2+]i. These platelet-evoked Ca2+ responses were not caused by products secreted from the platelets and were insensitive to inhibitors of platelet activation and/or platelet aggregation. The platelet-evoked rises in [Ca2+]i in endothelial cells, similarly as the thrombin-evoked rises, were blocked by preincubation of HUVEC with the phospholipase C inhibitor U73122 or the Ca2+ influx blocker Ni2+. In contrast, treatment with the protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein was without effect. Video imaging experiments, in which the fluorescence signal was analysed from the individual cells of an endothelial monolayer, showed that only 2-20% of the cells, scattered over the monolayer, responded to the addition of platelets by a transient increase in [Ca2+]i, whereas most of the cells responded to thrombin. This leads to the conclusion that unstimulated platelets can activate HUVEC putatively by mechanical interaction with individual endothelial cells in the monolayer.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-70
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta. Mucoproteins and Mucopolysaccharides
Volume1311
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996

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