Aortic size index (ASI) has been proposed as a reliable criterion to predict risk for aortic dissection in Turner syndrome with significant thresholds of 20-25 mm/m(2). We report a case of aortic arch dissection in a patient with Turner syndrome who, from the ASI thresholds proposed, was deemed to be at low risk of aortic dissection or rupture and was not eligible for prophylactic surgery. This case report strongly supports careful monitoring and surgical evaluation even when the ASI is present.
Nijs, J., Gelsomino, S., Luca, F., Parise, O., Maessen, J., & La Meir, M. (2014). Unreliability of aortic size index to predict risk of aortic dissection in a patient with Turner syndrome. World Journal of Cardiology , 6(5). https://doi.org/10.4330/wjc.v6.i5.349