Understanding the mobility-transformative qualities of urban park and ride polices in the UK and the Netherlands

Marc Dijk, Graham Parkhurst

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


    Park and Ride (P+R) has emerged as a key element of the sustainable mobility packages of many urban areas in Europe. The present article explores the impact of the introduction of P+R on urban car mobility, especially its potential transformative impact, in two of the densest European states: the UK and the Netherlands. An analysis of six case-studies (i.e., cities) showed a degree of disconnect between stated policy aims and implementation in practice, and in some of the cases this difference was substantial. No obvious national contextual factor explaining implementation success was identified: in both contexts the (local) political will and practical tools to ensure transfer of parking capacity to P+R, were the key factors. The overall car restraining effect of P&R hoped for was mostly not achieved - mainly due to transfer from public transport-only trips and from cycling and because overall parking supply across city centres increased.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)246
    Number of pages1
    JournalInternational Journal of Automotive Technology and Management
    Issue number3/4
    Publication statusPublished - 2014


    • Congestion
    • P+R
    • Park and ride
    • Parking
    • Sustainable mobility
    • Transition
    • Transport interchange
    • Urban mobility
    • Urban transport policy

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