Understanding Medical Students' Attitudes Toward Learning eHealth: Questionnaire Study

Kjeld Vossen*, Jan-Joost Rethans, Sander M. J. van Kuijk, Cees P. van der Vleuten, Pieter L. Kubben

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background: Several publications on research into eHealth demonstrate promising results. Prior researchers indicated that the current generation of doctors is not trained to take advantage of eHealth in clinical practice. Therefore, training and education for everyone using eHealth are key factors to its successful implementation. We set out to review whether medical students feel prepared to take advantage of eHealth innovations in medicine.

Objective: Our objective was to evaluate whether medical students desire a dedicated eHealth curriculum during their medical studies.

Methods: A questionnaire assessing current education, the need for education about eHealth topics, and the didactical forms for teaching these topics was developed. Questionnaire items were scored on a scale from 1 (fully disagree with a topic) to 10 (fully agree with a topic). This questionnaire was distributed among 1468 medical students of Maastricht University in the Netherlands. R version 3.5.0 (The R Foundation) was used for all statistical procedures.

Results: A total of 303 students out of 1468, representing a response rate of 20.64%, replied to our questionnaire The aggregate statement "I feel prepared to take advantage of the technological developments within the medical field" was scored at a mean value of 4.8 out of 10. Mean scores regarding the need for education about eHealth topics ranged from 6.4 to 7.3. Medical students did not favor creating their own health apps or mobile apps; the mean score was 4.9 for this topic. The most popular didactical option, with a mean score 7.2, was to remotely follow a real-life patient under the supervision of a doctor.

Conclusions: To the best of our knowledge, this is the largest evaluation of students' opinions on eHealth training in a medical undergraduate curriculum. We found that medical students have positives attitudes toward incorporating eHealth into the medical curriculum.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17030
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Medical Internet Research
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020


  • eHealth
  • student opinion
  • mHealth
  • medical education
  • students
  • medicine
  • curriculum
  • digital skills
  • ICT

Cite this