Uncoupling protein-3 content is decreased in peripheral skeletal muscle of patients with COPD

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Abstract

Uncoupling protein-3 content is decreased in peripheral skeletal muscle of patients with COPD.

Gosker HR, Schrauwen P, Hesselink MK, Schaart G, van der Vusse GJ, Wouters EF, Schols AM.

Dept of Pulmonology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands. H.Gosker@pul.unimaas.nl

Mechanical efficiency is reduced in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Furthermore, altered fibre-type distribution and metabolic profile has been observed in peripheral skeletal muscle of COPD patients. Since skeletal muscular uncoupling protein-3 (UCP3) has been implicated in the regulation of energy metabolism, the aim of this study was to assess UCP3 in peripheral skeletal muscle of COPD patients and healthy controls. A total of 16 COPD patients and 11 healthy age-matched control subjects were studied. Mechanical efficiency was measured by means of cycle ergometry. Biopsies were taken from the vastus lateralis, and UCP3 and cytochrome c (as a marker for mitochondrial content) levels were assessed by Western blotting. Muscle fibre types and metabolic profile were examined histochemically. UCP3 levels were markedly decreased in COPD compared to controls. In COPD patients, there was a positive correlation between UCP3 content and the forced expiratory volume in one second. UCP3 content was not related to mechanical efficiency, or other muscular data such as fibre types, markers of oxidative/glycolytic energy metabolism or cytochrome c. The authors of this study conclude that uncoupling protein-3 content is decreased in peripheral skeletal muscle of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and is related to disease severity, but not to mechanical efficiency. The low uncoupling protein-3 content is independent of the loss of oxidative capacity observed in these patients
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-93
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003

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