Uncertainty Quantification of Regional Cardiac Tissue Properties in Arrhythmogenic Cardiomyopathy Using Adaptive Multiple Importance Sampling

N. van Osta*, F.P. Kirkels, T. van Loon, T. Koopsen, A. Lyon, R. Meiburg, W. Huberts, M.J. Cramer, T. Delhaas, K.H. Haugaa, A.J. Teske, J. Lumens

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Introduction: Computational models of the cardiovascular system are widely used to simulate cardiac (dys)function. Personalization of such models for patient-specific simulation of cardiac function remains challenging. Measurement uncertainty affects accuracy of parameter estimations. In this study, we present a methodology for patient-specific estimation and uncertainty quantification of parameters in the closed-loop CircAdapt model of the human heart and circulation using echocardiographic deformation imaging. Based on patient-specific estimated parameters we aim to reveal the mechanical substrate underlying deformation abnormalities in patients with arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (AC).</p>Methods: We used adaptive multiple importance sampling to estimate the posterior distribution of regional myocardial tissue properties. This methodology is implemented in the CircAdapt cardiovascular modeling platform and applied to estimate active and passive tissue properties underlying regional deformation patterns, left ventricular volumes, and right ventricular diameter. First, we tested the accuracy of this method and its inter- and intraobserver variability using nine datasets obtained in AC patients. Second, we tested the trueness of the estimation using nine in silico generated virtual patient datasets representative for various stages of AC. Finally, we applied this method to two longitudinal series of echocardiograms of two pathogenic mutation carriers without established myocardial disease at baseline.</p>Results: Tissue characteristics of virtual patients were accurately estimated with a highest density interval containing the true parameter value of 9% (95% CI [0-79]). Variances of estimated posterior distributions in patient data and virtual data were comparable, supporting the reliability of the patient estimations. Estimations were highly reproducible with an overlap in posterior distributions of 89.9% (95% CI [60.1-95.9]). Clinically measured deformation, ejection fraction, and end-diastolic volume were accurately simulated. In presence of worsening of deformation over time, estimated tissue properties also revealed functional deterioration.</p>Conclusion: This method facilitates patient-specific simulation-based estimation of regional ventricular tissue properties from non-invasive imaging data, taking into account both measurement and model uncertainties. Two proof-of-principle case studies suggested that this cardiac digital twin technology enables quantitative monitoring of AC disease progression in early stages of disease.</p>
Original languageEnglish
Article number738926
Number of pages15
JournalFrontiers in physiology
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sept 2021


  • adaptive multiple importance sampling
  • arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy
  • cardiac computational model
  • deformation imaging
  • speckle-tracking echocardiography


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