Uncertainty Handling in Named Entity Extraction and Disambiguation for Informal Text

M. van Keulen, M. B. Habib

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic


Social media content represents a large portion of all textual content appearing on the Internet. These streams of user generated content (UGC) provide an opportunity and challenge for media analysts to analyze huge amount of new data and use them to infer and reason with new information. A main challenge of natural language is its ambiguity and vagueness. To automatically resolve ambiguity, the grammatical structure of sentences is used. However, when we move to informal language widely used in social media, the language becomes more ambiguous and thus more challenging for automatic understanding. Information Extraction (IE) is the research field that enables the use of unstructured text in a structured way. Named Entity Extraction (NEE) is a sub task of IE that aims to locate phrases (mentions) in the text that represent names of entities such as persons, organizations or locations regardless of their type. Named Entity Disambiguation (NED) is the task of determining which correct person, place, event, etc. is referred to by a mention. The goal of this paper is to provide an overview on some approaches that mimic the human way of recognition and disambiguation of named entities especially for domains that lack formal sentence structure. The proposed methods open the doors for more sophisticated applications based on users' contributions on social media. We propose a robust combined framework for NEE and NED in semi-formal and informal text. The achieved robustness has been proven to be valid across languages and domains and to be independent of the selected extraction and disambiguation techniques. It is also shown to be robust against the informality of the used language. We have discovered a reinforcement effect and exploited it a technique that improves extraction quality by feeding back disambiguation results. We present a method of handling the uncertainty involved in extraction to improve the disambiguation results.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUncertainty Reasoning for the Semantic Web III
Place of PublicationBerlin
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2014
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

SeriesLecture Notes in Computer Science


  • Named entity extraction Named entity disambiguation Informal text Uncertainty handling


Dive into the research topics of 'Uncertainty Handling in Named Entity Extraction and Disambiguation for Informal Text'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this