UM206, a selective Frizzled antagonist, attenuates adverse remodeling after myocardial infarction in swine

Andre Uitterdijk, Kevin C. M. Hermans, Daphne P. M. de Wijs-Meijler, Evangelos P. Daskalopoulos, Irwin K. Reiss, Dirk J. Duncker, Matthijs Blankesteijn, Daphne Merkus*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Modulation of Wnt/Frizzled signaling with UM206 reduced infarct expansion and prevented heart failure development in mice, an effect that was accompanied by increased myofibroblast presence in the infarct, suggesting that Wnt/Frizzled signaling has a key role in cardiac remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI). This study investigated the effects of modulation of Wnt/Frizzled signaling with UM206 in a swine model of reperfused MI. For this purpose, seven swine with MI were treated with continuous infusion of UM206 for 5 weeks. Six control swine were treated with vehicle. Another eight swine were sham-operated. Cardiac function was determined by echo in awake swine. Infarct mass was estimated at baseline by heart-specific fatty acid-binding protein ELISA and at follow-up using planimetry. Components of Wnt/Frizzled signaling, myofibroblast presence, and extracellular matrix were measured at follow-up with qPCR and/or histology. Results show that UM206 treatment resulted in a significant decrease in infarct mass compared with baseline (-41 +/- 10%), whereas infarct mass remained stable in the Control-MI group (+3 +/- 17%). Progressive dilation of the left ventricle occurred in the Control-MI group between 3 and 5 weeks after MI, while adverse remodeling was halted in the UM206-treated group. mRNA expression for Frizzled-4 and the Frizzled co-receptor LRP5 was increased in UM206-treated swine as compared with Control-MI swine. Myofibroblast presence was significantly lower in infarcted tissue of the UM206-treated animals (1.53 +/- 0.43% vs 3.38 +/- 0.61%) at 5 weeks follow-up. This study demonstrates that UM206 treatment attenuates adverse remodeling in a swine model of reperfused MI, indicating that Wnt/Frizzled signaling is a promising target to improve infarct healing and limit post-MI remodeling.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-176
JournalLaboratory Investigation
Volume96
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

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